Why is Siachen Important?

The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed IndiaPakistan border. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world’s non-polar areas.It ranges from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its source at Indira Col (pass) on the China border to its snout at 3,620 m (11,875 ft)

The Siachen Glacier lies south of the great watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram that is sometimes called the “Third Pole.” The 70 km (43.5 mile) long Siachen glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge line immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. The Saltoro Ridge originates in the north from the Sia Kangri peak on the China border in the Karakoram range. The crest of the Saltoro Ridge’s altitudes range from 5,450 to 7,720 m (17,880 to 25,330 feet). The major passes on this ridge are, from north to south, Sia La at 5,589 m (18,336 ft), Bilafond La at 5,450 m (17,880 ft), and Gyong La at 5,689 m (18,665 ft) The average winter snowfall is 10.5 m (35 ft) and temperatures can dip to -50 degrees Celsius (-58 degrees Fahrenheit).

Nuclear Deal

Total number of Agreement points – 123.

The details of the deal include the following:

  • India agrees to allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog group, access to its civilian nuclear program. But India would decide which of its many nuclear facilities to classify as civilian. By March 2006, India promised to place fourteen of its twenty-two power reactors under IAEA safeguards permanently. India also promised that all future civilian thermal and breeder reactors shall be placed under IAEA safeguards permanently.
  • India commits to signing an Additional Protocol—which allows more intrusive IAEA inspections—or its civilian facilities.
  • India agrees to continue its moratorium on nuclear weapons testing.
  • India commits to strengthening the security of its nuclear arsenals.
  • India works toward negotiating a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) with the United States banning the production of fissile material for weapons purposes.India agrees to prevent the spread of enrichment and reprocessing technologies to states that don’t possess them and to support international nonproliferation efforts.
  • U.S. companies will be allowed to build nuclear reactors in India and provide nuclear fuel for its civilian energy program.

What kind of technology would India receive in return?

India would be eligible to buy U.S. dual-use nuclear technology, including materials and equipment that could be used to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium, potentially creating the material for nuclear bombs. It would also receive imported fuel for its nuclear reactors.

According to the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the agreement will help India meet its goal of adding 25,000 MW of nuclear power capacity through imports of nuclear reactors and fuel by 2020.

Before we know more lets have a look on the concentration of nuclear weapons.

COUNTRY STOCKPILE OF N.WEAPONS

ESTIMATED  MIN/MAX

USA                 –         4,075 / 5,535

RUSSIA            –         5,830 / 16,000

UK                   –         200

FRANCE           –        <350

CHINA             –        <160

INDIA              –        100-140

PAKISTAN        –        60-200

NORTH KOREA-         0-10

No other country has nuclear weapons.Israel is suspected to have weapons.Other countries like South Africa has disarmed their weapons.

Countries in italics are not members of NPT.

Why did India did not signed NPT?

  • The NPT members who have tested Nuclear Weapons before 1967 are free to keep a nuclear stockpile.
  • In response to a growing Chinese nuclear arsenal, India conducted a nuclear test in 1974
  • So according to treaty India has to disarm its nuclear weapons.It will effect the power stability in South-Asia.
  • So it is true that this treaty creates a club of “nuclear haves” and a larger group of “nuclear have-nots” by restricting the legal possession of nuclear weapons to those states that tested them before 1967, who alone are free to possess and multiply their nuclear stockpiles.

What USA will get?

  • Since the end of the Cold War, The Pentagon, along with certain U.S. ambassadors such as Robert Blackwill, have requested increased strategic ties with India and a de-hyphenization of Pakistan with India.
  • By helping India USA want to create a balance threatning from the development of China .

value of pi…

here is the shloka..

we all know the devnagri script.Decoding it by denoting numbers to each digit we will have.

The SlOka in rOman-nAgarE:
gOpE BAgya maDhu vratha SRnggESO dhaDhesanDhega KalajEvetha Katava galahata rasanDhara.
The rOman-nAgarE string with only the syllabic consonants:
g p B y m Dh r th S g S dh Dh s Dh g K l j v th K t v g l h t r s Dh r.
The katapayAdhe mapping of the consonants:
3 1 4 1 5 9 2 6 5 3 5 8 9 7 9 3 2 3 8 4 6 2 1 4 3 3 8 1 2 7 9 2.
The mapped decimal string is:
3.14159 26535 89793 23846 21433 81279 2.
The decimal expansion of pi given by the GNU calculator bc:
3.14159 26535 89793 23846 26433 83279 5.

This gives us the value of pi upto 21 digits.

 

Update – the Image of the shloka is lost.

Reference – Vedic Mathematics