January 16 2001 – Archaeologists announce the discovery of ancient man-made structures off the Gujarati coast which could be as many as 9,500 years old – 5,500 years older than the ancient Harappan civilization whose remains are found around the same region.
Read this letter to The Honourable President of India-
To: Honourable President Of India
“It is a matter of great shame for the nation which calls itself secular, that a land of about 800 acres can not be given for construction of temporary sheds for the Amarnath pilgrims at Baltal in Kashmir province of Jammu and Kashmir state. The political leaders of valley have been exploiting the issue just to fulfill their political motives and have been playing with the beliefs of millions of Hindu’s living in and outside India.
We would like to bring a fact to your notice that The Forest Minister in the Cabinet was from the PDP, a coalition partner in the government. Yet they (the PDP) refused to accept responsibility for the joint decision (of allocating forest land to set up temporary structures for facilities for Hindu pilgrims during the Amarnath Yatra). The PDP (which is led by Mufti Mohammad Sayeed) played electoral politics of the lowest kind by hitching its voice to the Hurriyat objections, and pulled out of the government And above that Mr. Ghulam Nabi Azad (who held the post of Chief Minister) revoked the land order back while his government was in minority.
Moreover, when Islamia Univ was to be constructed at Rajouri and Kashmir, the state govt gave them forest land and that too free of cost. But the Amarnath Trust was told to pay 2.5 crores of rupees for constructing temporary sheds during the months of Yatra.
Respected madam, we would like to put another fact in front of you that the city of Jammu has been burning since last one month. The JKP (Jammu & Kashmir Police) has been continuously beating up peaceful protesters and killed two of them by opening firing on a procession. I request you to take necessary steps so that peace be restored in this state and land be given back to the Amarnath Trust.”
For full clarification
Adding fuel to fire…..
Muslims to build Jamia Masjid at Baltal?
The Amarnath land row, which has put the entire region of J&K on the boil for over a month, is all set to become serious with the Muslim community planning to build a huge Jamia Masjid inside the Baltal camp. Lakhs of rupees have been collected..
YES, THE controversy over the construction of concrete structures at Baltal by the Shri Amarnath Shrine Board (SASB) is all set to become serious with the revelation that the Muslim community of the area will construct a huge Jamia Masjid exactly at the campsite at Baltal. In a press release, the Jammu and Kahsmir Peace Movement (JKPM) expressed grave concern over the development while on the other hand, Kashmiri Muslims said that construction of any kind at the site would pose the biggest threat to ecology. Meanwhile, they are in the process of constructing a huge Mosque inside the Baltal campsite where pilgrims camp. The issue, which has put the entire State on the boil with the twin regions burning for over a month now is set to get worse with this new revelation likely to add fuel to the fire.
A press note issued by Krishan Koul, chairman of the J&K Peace Movement, expressing his grave concern over the recent statements by some political forces of the State, added that the construction of Jamia Masjid inside the campsite with the help of local contractor Shajan and his brother at Baltal was a ploy to create another controversy and damage the secular fabric of the State. Supporting his argument with recent photographs of the site, Koul said that while interacting with the locals of the area, one Bashir Ahmed told them that the construction of the Jamia Masjid would start once the Yatra was over and lakhs of rupees had already been collected for the said construction. Koul has requested the administration to take serious note of this development to avoid another controversy, which might pose more problems to it.
The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India–Pakistan border. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world’s non-polar areas.It ranges from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its source at Indira Col (pass) on the China border to its snout at 3,620 m (11,875 ft)
The Siachen Glacier lies south of the great watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram that is sometimes called the “Third Pole.” The 70 km (43.5 mile) long Siachen glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge line immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. The Saltoro Ridge originates in the north from the Sia Kangri peak on the China border in the Karakoram range. The crest of the Saltoro Ridge’s altitudes range from 5,450 to 7,720 m (17,880 to 25,330 feet). The major passes on this ridge are, from north to south, Sia La at 5,589 m (18,336 ft), Bilafond La at 5,450 m (17,880 ft), and Gyong La at 5,689 m (18,665 ft) The average winter snowfall is 10.5 m (35 ft) and temperatures can dip to -50 degrees Celsius (-58 degrees Fahrenheit).
Total number of Agreement points – 123.
The details of the deal include the following:
- India agrees to allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog group, access to its civilian nuclear program. But India would decide which of its many nuclear facilities to classify as civilian. By March 2006, India promised to place fourteen of its twenty-two power reactors under IAEA safeguards permanently. India also promised that all future civilian thermal and breeder reactors shall be placed under IAEA safeguards permanently.
- India commits to signing an Additional Protocol—which allows more intrusive IAEA inspections—or its civilian facilities.
- India agrees to continue its moratorium on nuclear weapons testing.
- India commits to strengthening the security of its nuclear arsenals.
- India works toward negotiating a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) with the United States banning the production of fissile material for weapons purposes.India agrees to prevent the spread of enrichment and reprocessing technologies to states that don’t possess them and to support international nonproliferation efforts.
- U.S. companies will be allowed to build nuclear reactors in India and provide nuclear fuel for its civilian energy program.
What kind of technology would India receive in return?
India would be eligible to buy U.S. dual-use nuclear technology, including materials and equipment that could be used to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium, potentially creating the material for nuclear bombs. It would also receive imported fuel for its nuclear reactors.
Before we know more lets have a look on the concentration of nuclear weapons.
COUNTRY STOCKPILE OF N.WEAPONS
USA – 4,075 / 5,535
RUSSIA – 5,830 / 16,000
UK – 200
FRANCE – <350
CHINA – <160
INDIA – 100-140
PAKISTAN – 60-200
NORTH KOREA- 0-10
No other country has nuclear weapons.Israel is suspected to have weapons.Other countries like South Africa has disarmed their weapons.
Countries in italics are not members of NPT.
Why did India did not signed NPT?
- The NPT members who have tested Nuclear Weapons before 1967 are free to keep a nuclear stockpile.
- In response to a growing Chinese nuclear arsenal, India conducted a nuclear test in 1974
- So according to treaty India has to disarm its nuclear weapons.It will effect the power stability in South-Asia.
- So it is true that this treaty creates a club of “nuclear haves” and a larger group of “nuclear have-nots” by restricting the legal possession of nuclear weapons to those states that tested them before 1967, who alone are free to possess and multiply their nuclear stockpiles.
What USA will get?
During my summer training i had a chance to know about “The Active Denial System”.It comes under the category of Non Lethal weapon system.It is currently in development and is one of the most debated upon topic in defense industries.