Pinaka

India’s indigenously developed multi-barrel rocket system, ‘Pinaka’, was successfully test-fired from the Proof and Experimental Establishment of the Defence and Research Development Organisation.

The sophisticated rocket is an area weapon system aimed at supplementing the existing artillery guns with a range beyond 30 km. Its quick reaction time and high rate of fire gives the Indian Army an edge during low intensity war-like situations.

Earlier, the army was solely dependent upon other countries, mainly Russia for the multi-barrel rocket launcher system, the sources said.

This indigenously designed MLRS is far cheaper than the international competition, costing just Rs 23 million per system. By comparison the American M270 MLRS costs Rs 195 million, and the 9P140 URAGAN of Russia and the ASTROS-II of Brazil each cost Rs 38 million.
Range  7 km – 40 km
Rocket Diameter  214 mm
Warheads  fragmentation high explosive
incendiary
anti-tank and anti-personnel minelettes
anti-tank bomlettes

Rate of Fire  40 seconds [typically reported]
24-44 seconds [variously reported]

Why is Siachen Important?

The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed IndiaPakistan border. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world’s non-polar areas.It ranges from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its source at Indira Col (pass) on the China border to its snout at 3,620 m (11,875 ft)

The Siachen Glacier lies south of the great watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram that is sometimes called the “Third Pole.” The 70 km (43.5 mile) long Siachen glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge line immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. The Saltoro Ridge originates in the north from the Sia Kangri peak on the China border in the Karakoram range. The crest of the Saltoro Ridge’s altitudes range from 5,450 to 7,720 m (17,880 to 25,330 feet). The major passes on this ridge are, from north to south, Sia La at 5,589 m (18,336 ft), Bilafond La at 5,450 m (17,880 ft), and Gyong La at 5,689 m (18,665 ft) The average winter snowfall is 10.5 m (35 ft) and temperatures can dip to -50 degrees Celsius (-58 degrees Fahrenheit).