Total number of Agreement points – 123.
The details of the deal include the following:
- India agrees to allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog group, access to its civilian nuclear program. But India would decide which of its many nuclear facilities to classify as civilian. By March 2006, India promised to place fourteen of its twenty-two power reactors under IAEA safeguards permanently. India also promised that all future civilian thermal and breeder reactors shall be placed under IAEA safeguards permanently.
- India commits to signing an Additional Protocol—which allows more intrusive IAEA inspections—or its civilian facilities.
- India agrees to continue its moratorium on nuclear weapons testing.
- India commits to strengthening the security of its nuclear arsenals.
- India works toward negotiating a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) with the United States banning the production of fissile material for weapons purposes.India agrees to prevent the spread of enrichment and reprocessing technologies to states that don’t possess them and to support international nonproliferation efforts.
- U.S. companies will be allowed to build nuclear reactors in India and provide nuclear fuel for its civilian energy program.
What kind of technology would India receive in return?
India would be eligible to buy U.S. dual-use nuclear technology, including materials and equipment that could be used to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium, potentially creating the material for nuclear bombs. It would also receive imported fuel for its nuclear reactors.
Before we know more lets have a look on the concentration of nuclear weapons.
COUNTRY STOCKPILE OF N.WEAPONS
USA – 4,075 / 5,535
RUSSIA – 5,830 / 16,000
UK – 200
FRANCE – <350
CHINA – <160
INDIA – 100-140
PAKISTAN – 60-200
NORTH KOREA- 0-10
No other country has nuclear weapons.Israel is suspected to have weapons.Other countries like South Africa has disarmed their weapons.
Countries in italics are not members of NPT.
Why did India did not signed NPT?
- The NPT members who have tested Nuclear Weapons before 1967 are free to keep a nuclear stockpile.
- In response to a growing Chinese nuclear arsenal, India conducted a nuclear test in 1974
- So according to treaty India has to disarm its nuclear weapons.It will effect the power stability in South-Asia.
- So it is true that this treaty creates a club of “nuclear haves” and a larger group of “nuclear have-nots” by restricting the legal possession of nuclear weapons to those states that tested them before 1967, who alone are free to possess and multiply their nuclear stockpiles.
What USA will get?