Who is responsible?
- Jammu was founded by Raja Jamboolochan in 14th century BC. During one of his hunting campaigns he reached the Tawi River where he saw a goat and a lion drinking water at the same place. The king was impressed and decided to set up a town after his name, Jamboo.
- The name “Kashmir” means “desiccated land” (from the Sanskrit: Ka = water and shimeera = desiccate). According to Hindu mythology, Sage Kashyapa drained a lake to produce the land now known as Kashmir.
- In the Rajatarangini, a history of Kashmir written by Kalhana in the 12th century, it is stated that the valley of Kashmir was formerly a lake. This was drained by the great rishi or sage, Kashyapa, son of Marichi, son of Brahma, by cutting the gap in the hills at Baramulla (Varaha-mula). When Kashmir had been drained, Kashyapa asked Brahmans to settle there.
- Kashmir was one of the major centre of Sanskrit scholars. According to Mahabharata evidence, the Kambojas had ruled over Kashmir during epic times and that it was a Republican system of government under the Kamboj.
- In the 14th century, Islam first became the dominant religion in Kashmir. The Muslims and Hindus of Kashmir lived in relative harmony, since the Sufi-Islamic way of life that ordinary Muslims followed in Kashmir complemented the Rishi tradition of Kashmiri Pandits. This led to a syncretic culture where Hindus and Muslims revered the same local saints and prayed at the same shrines.
- The Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu (as it was then called) was constituted between 1820 and 1858 and was “somewhat artificial in composition and it did not develop a fully coherent identity, partly as a result of its disparate origins and partly as a result of the autocratic rule which it experienced on the fringes of Empire.
- Hari Singh, who had ascended the throne of Kashmir in 1925, was the reigning monarch in 1947 at the conclusion of British rule of the subcontinent and the subsequent partition of the British Indian Empire into the newly independent Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. As parties to the partition process, both countries had agreed that the rulers of princely states would be given the right to opt for either Pakistan or India or—in special cases—to remain independent. In October 1947, Pashtuns from Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Province invaded Kashmir. The ostensible aim of the guerilla campaign was to frighten Hari Singh into submission. “Instead the Maharaja appealed to Mountbatten for assistance, and the Governor-General agreed on the condition that the ruler accede to India.” Once the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession, “Indian soldiers entered Kashmir and drove the Pakistani-sponsored irregulars from all but a small section of the state.
Communalism Hatred-Who is guilty?
- Sultãn Sikandar Butshikan of Kashmir (AD 1389-1413) is often considered the worst of these. Historians have recorded many of his atrocities. The Tarikh-i-Firishta records that Sikandar persecuted the Hindus and issued orders proscribing the residence of any other than Muslims in Kashmir. He also ordered the breaking of all “golden and silver images”. The Tarikh-i-Firishta further states: “Many of the Brahmins, rather than abandon their religion or their country, poisoned themselves; some emigrated from their native homes, while a few escaped the evil of banishment by becoming Mohammedans. After the emigration of the Brahmins, Sikandar ordered all the temples in Kashmeer to be thrown down……Having broken all the images in Kashmir, (Sikandar) acquired the title of ‘Destroyer of Idols’.”
- Kashmiri Pandit have been living there continuously for centuries prior to the existence of Islam. They have a recorded history in Kashmir for thousands of years and have also been mentioned in the Mahabharata.
- British historians, such as Walter Lawrence, note that persecution of Kashmiri Hindus by zealous Muslim rulers resulted in as little as eleven original Kashmiri Hindu families remaining in Kashmir at one point.
- More recently (1990), hundreds of thousands of Kashmiri Pandits had to flee the Kashmir valley because of being targeted by Kashmiri and foreign militants.6 As per the statement of US Congressman Joe Wilson, beginning in 1989, mosques in Kashmir declared jihad and blared warnings from loudspeakers to the Hindus that they were infidels and had to leave Kashmir.
- Thousands of displaced Kashmiri Pandits live in refugee camps even today. Their status has been described as “Refugees in their own country,”
- The US Department of State reports that, according to the Indian National Human Rights Commission, the Kashmiri Pandit population in Jammu and Kashmir dropped from 15 percent in 1941 to 0.1 percent as of 2006
- Now the Amarnath Issue..
This are delibrate steps of pakistan supported millitant groups to take control in J and K region..Jammu is the main center of Hinduism.Terrorist supported by pakistan are responsible for spreading communalism hatred in muslims in kashmir region against the hindus..for a small piece of land that was meant for making a temporary shelter for pilgrims to amarnath.
“I think it was in 1987. We were in downtown Srinagar covering a stone-pelting incident when we heard the sound,” he says. “We had no idea what it was. Everyone listened… It was the policemen there who told us that it was the Kalashnikov gun.”
“Later AKs became a common sight,” he continues, “There used to be processions of armed militants. By 1990 in every street, every road, every alley, you would meet 25-30 militant with guns.”
Obviously they had the full support of the local people. “Oh, yes,” Meraj-ud-din agrees. “The people used to kiss the Kalashnikovs in the militants’ hands. And the police used to say, ‘Hamare paas aise samaan nahin hai (we don’t have such a weapon).”
The 43-year-old Srinagar resident has covered militancy right from day one. Once a government servant, he quit his job to freelance for Kashmir Times in 1979. Two years later he had a lucky break.
While returning from an assignment he got caught in a traffic jam. Minister Ghulam Mohammad came along. He wanted the traffic policeman to stop other vehicles and clear his way. When the cop refused, the minister started slapping him.
“I clicked a series of pictures — of the minister slapping, the cop clearing the traffic double-quick and then finally saluting the minister!”
The pictures created an uproar. The traffic police struck work. There were questions in the assembly. And Meraj-ud-din was inescapably hooked to the profession. So much so that even when he was injured in a grenade attack he didn’t think of giving up his SLR.
“I was covering a strike. The people were pelting the police with stones and I was clicking away,” he recollects, “Suddenly I found all the people near me on the ground. There was so much blood… I found my chest bleeding where shrapnel had gone in.”
“That was in 1989. Actually the camera saved my life. Otherwise shrapnel would have entered my face,” he adds.
Since that day Meraj-ud-din has seen so much violence that it doesn’t move him anymore. Now he is blind to blood. Two incidents, he says, were mainly responsible for this desensitisation: the Gawakadal massacre on January 20, 1990 and the firing on Maulvi Farooq’s funeral procession in May the same year.
“When I reached Gawakadal all I could see were the dead. I saw bodies of children, bodies of women, bodies of men…” Meraj-ud-din reminisces. “Later they brought the dead to the police compound. I saw them again. There I cried. I shouted, screamed. Don’t do this to the people! That day I saw everything.”
That was the last time he cried. “I can’t cry now,” he says simply, “Mere rishtedaar bhi marte mere aakhon me aasau nahi aate (Even when my relatives die tears don’t come to my eyes). My friend died. I didn’t cry.”
On his neck Meraj-ud-din wears a taveez (talisman). On his person, three identity cards and Sura Yasin, a verse from the Quran.
“The situation is such that you don’t know what will happen when. If I get blown up my family should at least be able to identify my body…”